In the eighteen century something amazing happened. The manual production was substituted by mechanical one. Factories were built and different chemical processes facilitated the entrepreneur. The workers were also disburdened from numerous physical activities. However, along with the pros, the industrial progress has brought about many complications. One of them is the industrial water pollution which has made the drinking resources dangerous and far from salubrious.
Causes of industrial water pollution
No Strict Policies
The oversight is scant in many parts of the earth. In the developing countries there is not enough funding. There are also states where the negligence of the official bodies and the violation of the adopted rules have led to uncontrolled industrial activities. Manufacturers do not observe certain restrictions and prefer making profits to protecting our surroundings.
Outmoded technologies use
We live in the twentieth-first century and we have modern technologies at our disposal. Nevertheless, some businessmen do not feel like spending money on them and prefer to use their old ones. The outmoded machines and systems do not function in the best way and do not keep the environment safe.
Not enough money
Sometimes producers are willing to use the best systems possible but the money they can spend is scarce. This means that they resort to facilities which do not treat the waste fluids sufficiently well.
The industrial growth
The industries develop extremely fast which means that there is more and more waste refused in the aquatic basins. Although the enhancement of the businesses is favourable for the economy status of a country, it leads to the deterioration of the environmental condition. This is so because there are not enough discharge sites and there is also non-observance of the governmental regulations.
Percolating of components from mines
The mineral extraction is another activity which leads to industrial pollution. The land in the area where drilling or mining is performed is unsuitable for cultivation. Furthermore, if certain pernicious substances escape, they can find their way and reach rivers and oceans. The waste causes the salts in the aquatic bodies to soar, alters the levels of pH and surges a number of minerals in them. There may be oil spills which are able to annihilate the living creatures in large zones. The groundwater can also be affected which means that human lives may be placed at risk.
Some of the effects of the industrial waste on the aquatic basins are:
- rise in the amount of nutrients present in them
- temperature fluctuations and changes
- more salts and minerals in them
- colour and pH difference
- clarity changes
Supervision and protection
Luckily, this problem is not one of those which are considered insoluble. If appropriate steps are undertaken, the situation can greatly improve. Campaigns should be launched. Their aim should be raising the awareness and informing people about the threats that the industrial waste poses.
Governmental oversight is necessary, too. The observance of the laws should be ensured. In addition, the authorities should encourage and support the entrepreneurs and provide affordable purifying facilities. Thus, all producers will be capable of treating not only the small scale waste but also the organic compounds and the heavy metals.
The huge producers have to try their best and obtain the best equipment so as to either reduce or treat better the waste they generate. They should put all the three treatment levels into operation. Namely, the big industries need to implement mechanical activities, secondary (biological) and tertiary treatment which resorts to physical, as well as chemical and biological processes so as to tackle the industrial waste problems.